7 elements of speech

While speech is the ability to express your thoughts creatively and accurately with your language, public speaking is a form of speech. Public speaking involves a speech where a speaker addresses a live audience. Nevertheless, working on your language delivery is directly associated to effective speech, where practice makes perfect.


At Mpower ASCERT, we deal with people on varying levels, advancing their speech improvement goals through dedicated, target oriented training activities. A large number of students and professionals often find it hard to fit their speech communication goals into everyday life. Understanding the technicality of improving your vocabulary and speech is a matter of well-organized effort.


Not everyday do students and working professionals get a chance to speak in public, but practicing your speech requires consistent effort. Public speaking skill is not something people are blessed with but something that is developed over time. In an essence, never turn down an opportunity to practice your speech and make room for valuable discussions.


Decide that context is everything when it comes to a speech. The language you use sets the tone. The manner of your delivery empowers the message and the knowledge of a subject gives your speech credibility. People often listen to those who stick to a pivotal message that can potentially take many forms. Implying that the weight of what you say carries a strong message reflects in a positive response from listeners.

The speech communication process refers to the manner of delivery that a speaker may choose. As a speaker, there are 7 general elements of speech that can guide you to prepare your best speech yet.

  • Speaker

The speaker initiates the conversation. Communication begins with a person speaking of something ordinary or something rather complex. The speech must be directed to another person. The speaker may be speaking to just one person or a gathering. The important aspect is to get the conversation started so that there is a channel of information. When preparing for a speech, it is essential that the speaker is well versed with knowledge of the subject at hand and is empathetic towards the listeners being addressed.

gif
  • Message

The message is the key focal point of a speech. Your message must not only reach the listener but should also be concise, well laid out and well thought out. People are entitled to their opinion and this may cause a message to take numerous forms during a speech. The responsibility of a speaker is to ensure that the message eventually reaches an audience in the intended manner. Nobody wants to listen to somebody who hasn't prepared.


Essentially, a message is effectively conveyed to a listener or an audience when there is organized speech delivery. Grabbing the attention of the listener, you must convey a message with utmost accuracy. Contradicting opinions may exist, they can be used as fuel to generate fresh ideas. To rehearse your speech well, provides valuable insights when speaking to an audience.

gif
  • Channel

A channel refers to the way a message is delivered. Through written form or spoken word, a message can reach it's listeners. With the advancements in social media, it is easier to misconstrue the core idea of a message. Self-awareness is key to implementing a channel that can take your message to the listener. If you write an email to someone special, it must be well thought out to avoid the concerned person from misunderstanding your message. When you speak to someone, your voice is the medium that is used to channel a message and it is important to brush up on your approach accordingly.

gif
  • Listener

The listener is the person that receives a message. A successful speaker always keeps track of their audience and their responses. The central idea of a speech must include the audience at the core of your agenda. A message is only effective if people are listening. It is the ultimate test of your speech skills to gather your audience around a pivotal message delivered.

gif
  • Feedback

Whether a judge at a debate competition or your closest friend, feedback is important. Feedback not only nurtures your speech communication goals, but also creates space for improved discussions. The feedback essentially shows what a listener has understood of a speaker's speech. Critical feedback may be positive, negative or a bit of both. This is where constructive criticism plays a vital role in most of our lives. A speaker must always prepare for a speech, considering the feedback of an audience being addressed. It is always good to ask your friends for an honest opinion as well. A friend in need is a friend indeed! The response from your friend will tell how a message was received.

  • Interference

Interference can be anything that prevents or hinders the message from being delivered correctly. It could be a protest from the audience or a question raised during your speech. An interference could even be a really loud fan at the back of the room that is annoying everybody else. Speakers can foresee all forms of interference and rehearse their speech in an attempt to tackle any obstacle that may affect the message from being fully understood. It is always good to embrace a natural confident approach that creates room for a casual delivery and retains the central focus of an idea shared.

  • Situation

Situation relates to the time and place of the speech between a parent and child on the child's school performance or a conversation between friends about a game. The situation could be a conversation between officers of various ranks or a report to your manager at office. Learning to read the situation well is the strong suit of a great conversationalist. A speaker must consider every aspect of the situation to enable effective delivery and precise communication pathways.


Much like placement of speakers in various parts of a hall to get great sound resonance, speech delivery requires a thorough placement of ideological boundaries that govern accessibility to a certain idea. If the situation is misunderstood, the speech is obviously going to lose it's message.


Social media posts can easily be misunderstood because of how many wall posts and timelines there are on Facebook alone. However, reading the situation well is important for a large or small audience, to ensure that the other person's opinions are not dismissed by the handler.


Considering that these 7 basic elements of speech are understood, an effective speech can liven the atmosphere and open up opportunities for great ideas. Just remember, you've always got to know what your talking about and back it up with facts.

  • Instagram
  • Facebook Social Icon